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As Coronavirus Spreads More and More People Stay Home

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As Coronavirus Spreads More and More People Stay Home

How does COVID-19 spread between people?

We are aware that the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which may travel between people in several ways, is what causes the illness.

According to the most recent research, the virus mostly spreads between persons who are in close proximity to one another, as while they are conversing. When an infected person coughs, sneezes, talks, sings, or breathes, the virus can be transferred from the mouth or nose of the infected person in microscopic liquid particles. When infected particles in the air travel a short distance and are inhaled, this is known as short-range aerosol transmission or short-range air transmission. The virus can also spread when infectious particles come into direct contact with the eyes, nose, or mouth (droplet transmission).

When do infected people transmit the virus?

Infected persons can be contagious and the virus can transmit from them to other people whether or not they exhibit symptoms.

According to laboratory findings, the early stages of the disease and the period right before symptoms manifest (i.e., two days prior to the onset of symptoms) are when an infection is most infectious. Acutely unwell individuals may be infectious for a prolonged period of time.

Although asymptomatic individuals can spread the virus to others, it is unknown how frequently this happens and further study is required in this area.

What is the difference between people who are asymptomatic or pre-symptomatic? Don’t they both mean someone without symptoms?

Both words apply to those who are symptom-free. The distinction is that whereas “pre-symptomatic” refers to sick persons who do not yet exhibit symptoms but do so later, “asymptomatic” refers to those who are infected but never exhibit symptoms.

Are there certain settings where COVID-19 can spread more easily?

Yes, the risk of transmission increases in any circumstance when people are in close contact to one another for a lengthy period of time. Indoor sites are riskier than outside ones, especially those with insufficient ventilation. Activities that cause more particles to leave the mouth, including singing or having trouble breathing while exercising, raise the danger of transmission.

The “three C” is an effective technique to approach this. They outline the environments where the COVID-19 virus spreads most readily:

populated areas
situations involving near proximity, particularly when individuals are conversing next to each other;
areas that are closed off and poorly ventilated.

How can I reduce my risk of getting COVID-19?

obey the laws of your community: To ensure that you have the most accurate information possible about your location, check what the federal, state, and local governments advise.
Do not approach: Even if people don’t appear to be ill, keep at least one metre away from them since the virus can spread even when no symptoms are present.
Utilize a mask: Wear a three-layer mask that fits properly, especially if you’re indoors or unable to physically touch the source. Prior to putting on and removing the mask, wash your hands.
Watch our videos on how to wear and build masks, and read Masks and the COVID-19 Q&A.
Don’t spend too much time with others, and stay away from cramped, stuffy, and crowded settings. Go outside more often than inside.

Ventilation is crucial When indoors, open windows to let in more fresh air.
Avoid contacting surfaces, especially those in public spaces or healthcare institutions, since they may have been touched by someone who has COVID-19. Surfaces should be disinfected on a regular basis.
Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer or soap and water to often wash your hands. Carry an alcohol-based scrub with you if you can, and use it frequently.
Coughs and sneezes should be covered with an elbow or a tissue, and spent tissues should be disposed of right away in a closed box. After that, wash your hands or sterilise them with alcohol.
Obtain a vaccine: Get immunised when it’s your turn. Vaccination recommendations should be followed locally.

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